Osteopathic treatment is non-invasive and patient-centric to facilitate ease of movement of, and integration between, the tissues of the body. They do this largely through helping patients to be free from inappropriate physical restrictions and tension patterns within the “whole body system”.  Osteopaths and the World Health Organisation (WHO) defines these restrictions and tension patterns as Somatic Dysfunction, that is, the impaired or altered function of the body framework and all it's associated parts including muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons, connective tissue and organs.

This means treating patients as individuals first, before seeing them as members of a disease/injury classification. Osteopathy incorporates a holistic approach whereby the entire body is examined, and not just the area of pain/dysfunction in order to understand what the patient’s system is doing to heal itself, and what can be done to facilitate this. It also aims to aid in dealing with the complex interplay of all of the patient’s tissues, systems, and broader environment, rather than overly emphasising one specific part or aspect.

Osteopaths are unique in that they use a variety of hands on techniques. This means that techniques are chosen specifically for the needs of each individual depending on their complaint and preference of treatment methods. The expansive range of hands-on techniques means that it is safe and gentle enough for everyone from a newborn baby through to the elderly. These may include, but are not limited to:

Massage

Manipulation
Which might include thrusting techniques (e,g the audible manipulation of joints using a high-velocity but low-amplitude thrust)

Stretching

Articulation
Rhythmic/repetitive movements of the joints of the body, which may be rhythmic/repetitive

Myofascial release
Application of low-load, long- duration manual force applied to muscles and fascia.

Muscle Energy technique (MET)
A range of techniques using active patient cooperation of either concentric, isometric or eccentric muscle contraction aimed at improving the range of motion of joints.